Exploring the Wonders of Nguom Ngao Cave in Cao Bang

Beyond the stunning Ban Gioc waterfall, Nguom Ngao Cave in Cao Bang is a must-visit destination for adventure seekers. Nguom Ngao Cave is where history and beauty collide for an unforgettable adventure. Just imagine fairy tale-like rock formations, dripping with magic. You can hike through hidden chambers inside the cave to feel the thrill of discovery. Let’s embark on a journey to unravel the secrets and magnificence of this remarkable cavern.

Discovery and Recognition

Discovered in 1921, Nguom Ngao Cave opened its doors to curious tourists in 1996. Gaining national-level scenic landscape recognition just two years later in 1998.

The Name’s Tale

In the Tay ethnic language, Nguom Ngao translates to “Tiger Cave.” Local lore suggests it was once a tiger den, leading residents to eliminate the threat for a secure life. Another narrative speaks of an underground stream, its murmurs resembling a tiger’s roar, earning the cave its name.

Geological Marvels

Surveyed by the British Caving Association in 1995, the cave spans 2,144 meters, housing three entrances—Nguom Ngao, Nguom Lom, and Ban Thuon. It’s a limestone wonder, harboring coral and crinoid fossils from an ancient sea dating back 400 million years.In a 2016 survey, the Vietnam Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources measured Nguom Ngao at 2,769.6 meters. It features five openings at altitudes ranging from 420 to 507 meters.nguom ngao cave

Stalactites Beyond Imagination

Venturing 945.8 meters into Nguom Ngao reveals a world of awe-inspiring stalactites. The cave’s chambers, floors, stairs, and corridors showcase formations resembling a coral reef, a ship, a waterfall, an overturned lotus flower, and even a terraced field.Notably, the stalactite colors here stand apart, thanks to a unique mixture of calcium with various substances.

The Allure of the Deep

As visitors delve deeper into Nguom Ngao, the charm intensifies. Small streams meander through the cave, adding to its mystical ambiance.

A Perfect Pair: Nguom Ngao and Ban Gioc Waterfall

Situated a mere 5 kilometers from the renowned Ban Gioc Waterfall, Nguom Ngao is an integral part of the experience in Cao Bang. Even though only around 1 kilometer of the cave is open to tourists, it remains a must-visit destination.

UNESCO-Recognized Geopark

Nguom Ngao Cave is a proud Non Nuoc Cao Bang member, recognized by UNESCO in 2018 as part of the Global Geoparks Network. This geopark, over 3,000 sq. km, offers a journey through 500 million years of Earth’s history.nguom ngao cave

Biodiversity and Significance

Apart from Nguom Ngao, Non-Nuoc Cao Bang hosts treasures like Ban Gioc Waterfall, Thang Hen Lake, and the Phia Oac- Phia Den ecological site. The geopark is renowned for its rich biodiversity, featuring many indigenous species of fauna and flora.The UNESCO statement highlights the historical and archaeological significance of the geopark, making it a prominent attraction for domestic and international visitors.Non Nuoc Cao Bang’s UNESCO recognition follows in the footsteps of the Dong Van Karst Plateau, marking Vietnam’s second UNESCO-recognized global geopark.

How to get to Nguom Ngao Cave

For those eager to explore this natural wonder, Non Nuoc Cao Bang is approximately 300 kilometers from Hanoi. While Cao Bang authorities have opened a fraction of the cave, Nguom Ngao remains an unmissable destination. The proximity to Ban Gioc Waterfall enhances the overall experience, making it a must-visit. Nguom Ngao Cave is approximately 3 kilometers away from Ban Gioc Waterfall, you can combine this in your itinerary and score two natural wonders in one trip. You can skip the extra time traveling and double your dose of awe.


Nguom Ngao Cave stands as a testament to the captivating beauty nature can carve over millions of years. Its unique geological features, and stunning stalactite formations. For those seeking an adventure off the beaten path, Nguom Ngao is an enchanting discovery. If you are interested in discovering Nguom Ngao Cave, you can combine it with your Ha Giang- Cao Bang tour to for a complete experience.
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