Hoa Lu Ancient Capital: A Glimpse into Vietnam’s Rich History


Follow us to discover the allure of Hoa Lu, the ancient capital of Dai Co Viet, which played a pivotal role in Vietnamese history under the rule of the Dinh and Le dynasties. In between its 13.87 square kilometers are tales of union, wars, defense, and the roots of present-day Hanoi.

Historical Importance of Hoa Lu

The Union and Wars

Hoa Lu stands witness to crucial historical events, including the union of Vietnam after the “12 Lords Rebellion” and conflicts with the Song dynasty. The city’s defense against ancient Cambodia further cements its significance in shaping Vietnam’s destiny.

hoa lu ancient capital

Attractions in Hoa Lu

Temples and Sacred Places

A visit to Hoa Lu offers a glimpse into the past through temples honoring Emperors and royal figures. Dinh Tien Hoang Emperor temple, Le Dai Hanh Emperor temple, Phat Kim Princess temple, and the Ly Thai To Emperor temple showcase the rich cultural heritage of more than a millennium.

Sacred Temples

Hoa Lu is home to the four sacred temples (Hoa Lu Tu Tran) dedicated to Gods of four directions: Quy Minh Temple, Thien Ton Temple, Cao Son Temple, and Nguyen Temple. The One Pillar Pagoda, distinct from its counterpart in Hanoi, boasts a pillar adorned with Buddha phrases that have stood for over a thousand years.

hoa lu ancient capital

Ancient Fortress and Imperial Place

Time-Tested Defense

The remnants of an ancient fortress, constructed by the Dinh dynasty, lie beneath the ground, providing a captivating glimpse into royal life. The fortress, strategically built with natural advantages, served as a formidable defense against potential invaders.

The Ancient Town of Hoa Lu

Unique Charms

Apart from its historical sites, the ancient town of Hoa Lu enchants visitors with its unique aspects, architectural wonders, and cultural richness. Exploring the town offers a deeper understanding of Vietnam’s ancient roots.

Festival Truong Yen

Reviving Ancient Traditions

The Festival Truong Yen, held in February and March, revives the spirit of ancient Emperors through a series of events. From the March of Water to rituals, performances, and a beauty contest, the festival becomes a bridge connecting the past with the present.

How to Get to Hoa Lu

Convenient Journey

Hoa Lu can be conveniently incorporated into your travel itinerary, whether you’re journeying from Hue to Hanoi or opting for a day tour from the capital city.


In conclusion, a visit to Hoa Lu Ancient Capital is not just a journey through time but an immersion into the heart of Vietnam’s rich history. From ancient fortresses to sacred temples and vibrant festivals, Hoa Lu is a treasure trove of cultural and historical wonders.

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